This is what made the widow’s gift so valuable. Look at the fig tree: The fig tree is just one example of a tree that buds before summer; no special reference to Israel seems to be intended (as indicated by the words, and all the trees). He was on the bus in New Jersey and in Denver, and finally, Percy stole a gun and fought him on the beach. Luke 21:17-18. Luke 21:16. After thousands of years of exile, a Jewish state was miraculously established in Israel again in 1948. By your patience possess your souls.”. c. Not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down: Some 40 years after Jesus said this, there was a widespread Jewish revolution against the Romans in Palestine. b. The temple was so revered that it was customary to swear by the temple (Matthew 23:16), and speaking against the temple could be considered blasphemy (Acts 6:13). One striking example of this was a man named Bar Kokhba, who 100 years after Jesus many Jews considered to be the messiah. The fall of Jerusalem and the events leading up to it were morally, though not chronologically, of an eschatological character.” (Geldenhuys), “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons. a. Luke 21 is the twenty-first chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. This poor widow has put in more than all: Jesus did not say that she put in more than any one of them. To get the most out of this bible study you will need to engage in discussion on almost every verse in Luke 21.The more you study this section on Luke the more we will all learn in our discussions, and are a major factor in how well our bible study goes. And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. Then a lone widow made a spectacular contribution. Two sieges of Jerusalem are in view in this chapter. c. Two mites: According to Poole’s calculations, the value of a mite can be determined like this: a denarii is one day’s wage, and equals six meahs; one meah equals two pondions; one pondion equals two issarines; one issarine equals eight mites. Jesus has turned from describing events that have already happened (from our perspective), to describing events that have yet to happen. That Jesus did indeed use that word is seen in the fact that when the armies of Rome surrounded the city, all the Christians fled to Pella (see under Luke 21:21). ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. b. The widow’s gift and Jesus’ comment on it also shows us that the value of a gift is determined by what it, iii. For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath … especially the striking words of Deuteronomy 28:15-68. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. 22 For this is the time of retribution when all that scripture says must be fulfilled. Truly Jesus meant it when He said these are the days of vengeance. The line at the offering box and the pride shown by the rich men in their giving shows us that it isn’t necessarily more spiritual to have an offering box instead of passing offering bags. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Just as is true with labor pains, we should expect that the things mentioned – wars, famines, earthquakes, and so on – would become more frequent and more intense before the return of Jesus – without any one of them being the specific sign of the end. “The Gentiles shall not always tread down Jerusalem.” (Trapp), ii. They would instead stand before the Son of Man. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down, So they asked Him, saying, “Teacher, but when will these things be? What sign will there be when these things are about to take place: The reply of Jesus to these questions, recorded in both Matthew 24 and here in Luke 21, has in mind both the coming destruction to come upon Jerusalem in the near term and the ultimate return of Jesus at the end of the age. Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.”. a. i. This question begins one of Jesus’ most famous teachings, often called the Olivet Discourse because Matthew 24:3 tells us Jesus said these things seated on the Mount of Olives. For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. Take heed that you not be deceived: From the outset, Jesus warned the disciples that many would be deceived as they anticipated His return. Then a lone widow made a spectacular contribution. Bible Study Luke 21. 4 For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her d poverty put in all e she had to live on.” Jesus Foretells Destruction of the Temple ii. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Then He spoke to them a parable: “Look at the fig tree, and all the trees. i. Jerusalem will be trampled. Astounded by the prediction of Jesus, the disciples asked a logical question. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. You can also change some of your preferences. “But when you hear of wars and commotions, do not be terrified; for these things must come to pass first, but the end, When you hear of wars and commotions, do not be terrified, For these things must come to pass first, but the end will not come immediately, . Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory: Again, history records no adequate fulfillment of these words in A.D. 70 or immediately following. 1 As Jesus looked up, he saw the rich putting their gifts into the temple treasury. Just as is true with labor pains, we should expect that the things mentioned –. a. c. Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near: The things that will begin to happen are described in Luke 21:25-27. This is God’s promise that He will not prolong what Jesus called the Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:21) forever. You should probably be asking what they did to deserve this "wrath" in Luke's view. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Jesus claimed that His words were the very words of God – and they are. . i. The second comes with great anticipation to a world almost destroyed by the judgment of God, with Jesus coming to the earth with His people from heaven. History records that 1.1 million Jews were killed and another 97,000 were taken captive in one of the worst calamities ever to strike the Jewish people. The first aspect comes suddenly, unexpectedly, as a snare, in a time of peace and safety. It was not until 1968 that Israel controlled Jerusalem, but still today they yield the rule and the administration of the most central piece of Jerusalem – the Temple Mount – to Gentile rule (the Palestinian Authority). Luke helps his parents decipher the letter, and they realize that the Government thinks Luke’s father plans to grow drugs. The Son of Man will come in glory. However, Christians in Jerusalem knew what Jesus had said and they obeyed Him, fleeing across the Jordan River mostly to Pella. The implication in the synoptic gospels is that Jesus was crucified on the day after Passover, and that this meal was the day before. Completely devoted to everyone, especially the weak. Verse (Click for Chapter) New International Version As Jesus looked up, he saw the rich putting their gifts into the temple treasury. The destruction was so complete that today there is true difficulty learning exactly where the temple was. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. You can check these in your browser security settings. They were deluded by charlatans and would-be messengers of God.” (Pate), “But when you hear of wars and commotions, do not be terrified; for these things must come to pass first, but the end will not come immediately.” Then He said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. Matthew 24:8 described these things as the beginning of sorrows, more literally the beginning of labor pains. 2 And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites. Let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains: Many Jews expected the Messiah to return in glory when hostile Gentile armies surrounded Jerusalem. In some sense, there were wars preceding the destruction of Jerusalem, because the Romans were frequently at war with the Jews, the Samaritans, the Syrians, and others during this period. Luke uses eyewitnesses as sources for his writings. The Jewish historian Josephus said that the temple was covered on the outside with gold plates, that were so brilliant that when the sun shone on them, it was blinding to look at. Teacher, but when will these things be? Anyone who watches will never be caught in a snare; a failure to watch prevents us from being ready. If God needed our money, then how much we give would be more important than our heart in giving. a. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. i. Luke 21:1 STU XRF TSK COM LEX . i. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Few if any Christians perished in the fall of Jerusalem. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Ornate gold detail work in the roof melted down in the cracks between the stone walls of the temple, and to retrieve the gold, the Roman commander ordered that the temple be dismantled stone by stone. Not to meditate beforehand on what you will answer: “The Greek word for ‘to prepare beforehand,’ promeletan, was a technical expression for practicing a speech in advance.” (Pate), “You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. For many Jews of that day, the temple had become an idol – it began to mean more to the people than God Himself did. Summary of The Book of Luke. Jesus’ principle here shows us that God does not, : The woman was poor because she was a widow and had no husband to help support her. All of the language Luke used in this verse may be found in the Old Testament, and there is no word or phrase in this whole paragraph which requires one to believe Luke was writing history as a prophecy, an act of dishonesty in itself. It is said that at the fall of Jerusalem, the last surviving Jews of the city fled to the temple, because it was the strongest, most secure building in the city. “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute, But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, Delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, But it will turn out for you an occasion for testimony, give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to contradict or resist, Not to meditate beforehand on what you will answer, “You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, relatives and friends; and they will put, parents and brothers, relatives and friends, You will be hated by all for My name’s sake, But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, Let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, Until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled, Signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, : History records no adequate fulfillment of these words in, Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory, history records no adequate fulfillment of these words in, Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near, This generation will by no means pass away till all things take place, Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away, carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, It will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth, be counted worthy to escape all these things, Pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape those things that will come to pass, escape all these things that will come to pass, In the daytime He was teaching in the temple, At night He went out and stayed on the mountain called Olivet, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . And the days of martyrdom are not yet over. These things must come to pass first: “These things must happen because they are part of the prophetic programme of the End-time in general, and so are divinely decreed; but they do not usher in the immediate end. We endure, trusting the promise of Jesus that ultimately, in eternal perspective, not a hair of your head shall be lost. . Because of his prophetic interpretations, calculations, and publications, there were hundreds of thousands in the United States who were convinced that Jesus would return in 1846. The good news in Jesus is that we don’t have to go through this calamity that is coming. b. i. Matthew recorded the much more specific answer to this question, pointing to what Jesus called the abomination of desolation (Matthew 24:15 and following). non-Jews) (21:24), and after terrible suffering and astronomical upheavals, the Son of Man will return to earth. He started a widespread revolution against the Romans and enjoyed early success, but was soon crushed. Assuming this to be the case, then Tertullian’s lack of any mention of Mcg 21:21-24 would indicate that they were not in his copy of Luke either. But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies: This warning of Jesus, focused on the nearer aspects of the greater prophecy, were virtually ignored by the Jewish people in A.D. 70 when Roman armies circled Jerusalem. Roman soldiers surrounded it, and one drunken soldier started a fire that soon engulfed the whole building. c. By your patience possess your souls: The word for patience here is the great Greek word hupomone. Whatever we give sacrificially to God, He sees it and is pleased, Then, as some spoke of the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and donations, He said, “These things which you see; the days will come in which not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down.”. It cannot be said…therefore, that genea necessarily means generation.” (Pate). Jerusalem has been trodden down throughout the present dispensation and will ever be disputed about until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled and He comes who is rightful King. c. But it will turn out for you an occasion for testimony: From the Book of Acts on, there have been countless times when persecution has given Christians the opportunity to preach and give testimony to those they could otherwise never reach with the message, such as kings and rulers. Both Matthew and Luke make it clear that Jesus spoke both of the coming destruction of Jerusalem, and of the ultimate end of the age and His glorious return. 21 y Jesus 1 looked up and saw the rich z putting their gifts into a the offering box, 2 and he saw a poor widow put in two b small copper coins. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and, ‘The time has drawn near.’ Therefore do not go after them.”. Jerusalem was leveled, including the temple – just as Jesus said. issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. It can be argued that prophetically speaking, Jerusalem is still trampled by Gentiles. 1/14/16. There are a few things that I want to note before we begin on the scripture. ii. And in the daytime He was teaching in the temple, but at night He went out and stayed on the mountain called Olivet. And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations.”. a. b. In Luke 21:34-36 Jesus said that He would come as a surprise, a snare – and emphasized the importance of readiness. chapter 21 The Poor Widow’s Contribution. Cæsar Augustus--the first of the Roman emperors. Verses 1–19 are commonly read during Nativity plays as part of celebrating Christmas . i. God doesn’t want grudgingly given money or guilt money. Jesus’ principle here shows us that God does not need our money. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. And He said: “Take heed that you … He was also seeking those who were obedient and faithful, such as the Roman Centurion who sincerely pleads with Jesus to heal his servant from a far distance, “just say the word, and my servant will be healed” (7:7). “Most divines think that God in the destruction of Jerusalem intended to give a specimen of the general conflagration, and ruin of the world at the last day; so as the signs of the same kind with those seen before Jerusalem was destroyed, shall be seen before the great and terrible day of our Lord’s coming to judge the world.” (Poole). i. This speaks of much more than what happened to Jerusalem of A.D. 70. c. Watch therefore: Because this is relevant to the whole earth, we must watch. Jesus was the most perfect man of all men, the perfect Son of God. ii. Prophetically, the two are connected, though separated by many centuries. 3 And everyone went to their own town to register. Luke 21:20 "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is at hand: Hotan de idete kukloumenen (PPPFSA) hupo stratopedon Ierousalem tote gnote (2PAAM) hoti eggiken (3SRAI) he eremos autes .. Lu 21:7 Lk 19:43 Da 9:27 Mt 24:15 Mk 13:14; THE SIGN OF COMING DESOLATION: SURROUNDED BY ARMIES. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her. Babies in those days had just criticized the scribes as those is that when a tree... And secular sources souls: the Roman conquest of Jerusalem A.D. 70 not hair. Synagogues and prisons: this indicates persecution from both religious and secular sources,! All out, two mites is 1 % of a strong endurance, not a hair of head. Its features but the lowest slave Romans were done with Jerusalem in A.D.,! A decree that a census should be taken of the sword, and was completed... 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