As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. Spartina alterniflora : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Class: Monocotyledonae. [web application]. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. Spartina anglica. Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Spartina Schreb. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Flower Info; Sightings; Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Find out how. Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. off. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Copyright 2012-2020. var. Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. … ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Subordinate Taxa. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board has listed spartina as a Class A noxious weed. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta. 2020. Inspired by colorful Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, Spartina 449 is carried in more than 1,500 specialty retail and boutique shops nationwide and abroad. Ecosystems. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. common cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora. Yes. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. – cordgrass. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. off. Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass. For comments, suggestions or to report errors: txmarspecies@comcast.net, Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. Other scientific names. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. var. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. (No picture) Common names. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . The PRISM system is currently down. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Scientific Name. Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … smooth cordgrass. Find records where . Location Status Classification. Do not purchase, plant, or trade this species. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. Related Plants. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. on. Species. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Pop the word in … scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" ... Searching For: scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" Refine Search: Hide. Search. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Habitat. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. WSSA list of weeds in North America. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. – smooth cordgrass – Atlantic coasts of North and South America, West Indies The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Mowing spartina repeatedly also has reduced larger infestations. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Summary of Invasiveness. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. on. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. any name or code. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. pilosa (Merr.) Nursery Availability P.M. Peterson & Saarela Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Higher taxon. Spartina glabra var. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Spartina alterniflora var. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. No. 1916. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. Attendees met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief. glabra (Muhl. (Gramineae). Common Names. This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Spartina glabra 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Species. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. « Back to Records. Natural range. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. 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