Medical oncologist- prescribes and coordinates the course of chemotherapy. A  thin tube with a light on its end (endoscope) will be inserted through the nose to look for abnormalities in the throat. There are many different types of the virus and many people are infected with it in younger life. Throat cancer generally refers to cancers that start in the pharynx or larynx (voice box), but can also refer to cancers that start in the oesophagus (food pipe) or thyroid. Radiation 10. In the UK, voice box cancers have been decreasing. The biggest increase is in cancers starting in the tonsil and the back of the tongue. He runs a specialist swallowing clinic at the Churchill Hospital. First visit: Preventing throat cancer Around 60% of pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers in Australia are caused by smoking; around 30% are caused by excess alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption, especially excessive drinking, also increases the risk of throat cancer. Epstein-Barr virus 7. You may be attended by another doctor who is member of the Team. Treatment is possible, but the outlook will depend on where cancer starts … Find answers to health issues you can trust from Healthgrades.com Some types of thyroid cancers can quickly invade nearby structures, such as the trachea. Professor Stuart Winter is an experienced consultant ear, nose & throat (ENT) surgeon with a specialist interest in tumours of the head and neck. Otolaryngology / ENT. This may reflect a change in the number of people smoking and the smoking ban in public. The throat is a muscular tube that begins just behind the nose and runs down to the neck. Most throat cancer symptoms aren’t specific to cancer, so your doctor will likely investigate other more common causes first. However, there are a small number of people infected with the high-risk virus types that will go on to form cancer. Head and neck cancer is a term that includes cancer of the throat, voice box, mouth, tonsils, tongue, as well as the sinuses and salivary glands. This is in part due to the HPV virus. Throat cancer causes and risk factors: Read about genetic, environment and lifestyle factors to prevent developing throat cancer. Stopping smoking is a good idea. There is also a connection between throat cancer and certain types of human papillomavirus infections (HPV). Smoking it and chewing it are the biggest risk factors for all head and neck cancers, including throat cancer. However, certain risk factors lead to an increased risk of throat cancer, such as cigarette smoking, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and exposure to toxic substances like asbestos or large quantities of alcohol. With your help, we're getting closer to a cancer free future every minute, every hour, every day. Causes of throat cancer The exact cause of throat cancer is not clear. This is called staging and will help your doctors determine the best treatment options for you. Learn about the causes of throat cancer, including smoking and excess alcohol consumption. We do not know how vaping fits in but it almost certainly is better than smoking. Cancer of the Vocal Chord. The medical community is less clear on why these are increasing as HPV does not seem to cause them. Treatments for throat cancers include surgery, radiation therapy (radiotherapy) and chemotherapy, or a combination of one or more of these. He runs a specialist swallowing clinic at the Churchill Hospital. Last medical review of source booklet: September 2019.Â, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. A small device called a transducer is used to send out soundwaves that echo when they hit something dense such as an organ or tumour. While scientists don't know definitively what causes throat cancer, researchers have identified several risk factors for the disease, including:2 1. HPV is thought to cause 70% of oropharyngeal cancers in the United States. Information for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, National Secondary Students' Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey, Explore Resources for health professionals. Mouthwash Head and neck cancer can be difficult to diagnoses so seeing an expert who is used to looking for the concerning features is important. Read more about diagnosing laryngeal cancer. The mouth and upper throat are sometimes referred to as the oropharynx or oral cavity. Throat cancer is also associated with certain types of human papillomavirus infections (HPV). Mouth cancers have also increased. GP (General Practitioner)- looks after your general health and works with your specialists to coordinate treatment. Does oral sex cause throat cancer? So quitting smoking and moderating alcohol consumption will significantly reduce your risk of developing throat cancer. 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